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Scope of Forensic Science in India

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Scope of Forensic Science in India

13,Feb 2024

Forensics is an emerging scientific field and has become an important pillar of crime investigation. The scope of forensic science is broad enough to cover almost every field possible. Candidates who pursue forensics can choose their desired field to work from the range of options available. It’s not the time anymore that the role of forensics is restricted to the laboratories only. Instead, its spectrum has covered all the major pillars of society like police departments, banks, universities, companies, etc. Here in this blog, we have given the complete details about the scope of forensics in India.

Scope of Forensic Science in India:

As the scope of this field is increasing, the requirement for these experts is also increasing. Companies across India are striving to hire the best candidates. The role of these experts is not limited to a few companies or profiles. Both private and government sectors are offering amazing opportunities for the candidates. Some of the top jobs that forensic experts can opt for are mentioned below:

1.Forensic Expert:

As a forensic science graduate, you can become a forensic expert. These experts are responsible for the investigation of crime scenes, collection of suspected evidence, examination of evidence, body analysis, and conducting autopsies. The demand for these experts is high in the market and if you wish to earn more than you should go for this field.

2.Forensic Investigator:

These experts work in close collaboration with law enforcement agencies and help in crime mystery solving. They work with companies, government departments, and independently as well. They present the required proof and testify in court.

3.Forensic Scientist:

The task of gathering and examining the substances collected in a case is done by these people. These substances are further used as proofs and presented in a court of law. Forensic Scientists work in laboratories and fields. In most cases, they are hired by government agencies, but their scope is increasing in private agencies as well.

4.Crime Scene Investigator:

These experts investigate the crime scene, collect and document the evidence collected, and assist the prosecutors in the case hearings. They can work with government agencies and can work independently as well. As they need to work in an unpleasant environment they have to be mentally prepared for the same.

5.Handwriting Expert:

Have you ever thought about how the handwritings reveal the identity of the offender? Handwriting patterns reveal the personality traits of the person and hence can be used to know who did this and whether the two patterns are the same or not. They analyze the handwriting of different evidence with the people associated with crime and present their conclusions to it.

6.Document Examiner:

In many cases of a business partnership, one fraud the other partner to gain benefits. And this is done through the forged documents. In such cases, these experts analyze the documents and give their conclusion, whether the document is authentic or it is forged.

7.Forensic Analyst:  

These analysts aim to gather the information of the offender and the victim. They gather the call records, social media history, and locations visited by the accused to draw the inference, of what could have happened. The demand for skilled analysts is high.

8.Security Expert:

These experts conduct tests to identify potential security threats and develop plans to prevent them. They enhance security by using firewalls and other security tools. Apart from this, they respond to data breaches and malware attacks.

9.Forensic Law Consultant:

These consultants serve the attorneys in litigations. They help them understand how digital evidence can be used in case hearings. Being the experts in their field they are asked for their perspective on the case to ensure justice delivery. They try to identify the relevance of the evidence presented in the court by the victims or the offenders using forensics.

10.  Detective:

These experts can work with the government and private agencies or independently to carry out an investigation of the accused and the victim. These are the people who dig out the links between the past and present. They try to get the evidence related to the case that the police and the investigating agency sometimes miss.

11.  Professor:

You can become a professor in any of the specializations offered in forensics and can fulfill your desire to teach. As a professor, you can work at private and government institutes both. As the availability of professors teaching in this field is less, the scope for this profession is really good.

12.  Forensic Psychologist:

These experts analyze the psychology of the offenders involved in the crime to know the reason behind committing a crime. Apart from this they also counsel the victims to help them overcome the trauma they suffered.

13.  Forensic Pathologists:

They conduct various tests to examine the corpse. They evaluate the findings of the autopsies to determine the cause of death. They examine the body fluids, tissues, and organs to identify the cause of death.

14.  Fingerprint Expert:

These experts collect and examine the fingerprints collected from the crime scene and identify the people who were present at the site. They do so by comparing the collected fingerprint samples with the suspects. They collect the data and store it in records for future reference.

15.  Genetics Experts:

These experts deal with the genetic diseases of the deceased and the people involved in the crime. They examine the corpse and try to identify the genetic disease through medical examinations and family history.

16.  Environment Analyst:

These people analyze the environmental factors involved in the crime. They try to establish connection between the pieces of evidence collected from the crime site with the biological and environmental factors.

17.  Crime Laboratory Analyst:

These people examine the crime evidences and find the relevance associated with the crime. They conduct various tests to conclude the cause of the death and other factors associated with it. They play a very important role in the crime investigation as they handle the evidence and report it to the police department.

18.  Forensic Psychiatrist:

These individuals often deal with the victims and offenders associated with the crime and help the patients to overcome their fears and traumas. Apart from this, they are also called by the courts to assist in criminal cases to understand the mental health of the people involved in the case.

19.  Forensic Serologist:

All the body fluids like urine, blood, saliva, etc are examined by these experts to identify the presence of any kind of chemical compounds in the body. And present their findings in the court as evidence to help in case investigation.

20.  Toxicologist:

These people conduct various tests on the samples collected during the autopsy and by the investigator. They identify the drugs and chemicals present in the body of the deceased.

21.  Forensic Computer Expert:

These analysts work for the law enforcement agencies. Their primary role is the recovery of data from damaged hardware and software. They try to recover the deleted photos and videos. Apart from this they also retrieve the emails and other stored data to help in the investigation.

22.  Forensic Accountant:

Crimes can happen anywhere and at any time. With the scammers using more technology, the struggle of the investigators is also increasing. They help police departments in financial fraud and associated cases. They furnish the information regarding the losses from torts.

23.  Forensic Ballistic Expert:

These experts deal with ballistics-related evidence. They collect, analyze, and conclude the presence of ballistic materials in the case. These experts primarily act in such cases where criminal attacks and terrorist activities are included.

24.  Blood Splatter Analyst:

These are the specialists who examine the bloodstain patterns. They conduct examinations at the crime site and examine the shape, spot, and sample of the blood drops, puddles, and pools.

Also Read: Forensic Science Subjects List

Scope of Forensic Science in Government and Private Sector:

The scope of forensics is wide and has a presence in both, the government and private sector. Some of the job opportunities for these experts have been mentioned below:

Serial No. Profile Name Govt. Sector Jobs Private Sector Jobs
1. Forensic Expert Police Department, Crime Branches Detective Agencies, Security Services Agencies
2. Forensic Scientist Police Department, Crime Branches, IB, Courts Detective Agencies
3. Forensic Investigator Police Department, Crime Branches Detective Agencies
4. Crime Scene Investigator Police Department, Crime Branches Detective Agencies
5. Handwriting Expert Police Department, Crime Branches, Banks Detective Agencies, Banks, Insurance Companies
6. Document Examiner Police Department, Crime Branches, Banks Detective Agencies, Banks, Insurance Companies
7. Forensic Analyst Forensic Science Laboratories, IB Detective Agencies
8. Security Expert Defense/Army, IB Banks, Security Services Agencies
9. Forensic Law Consultant Organizations, Courts Law Firms
10. Detective Police Department, Crime Branches, IB Detective Agencies
11. Professor Universities Universities
12. Forensic Psychologist Hospitals, Courts Hospitals
13. Forensic Pathologists Forensic Science Laboratories, Hospitals Hospitals
14. Fingerprint Expert Crime Branches, Forensic Science Laboratories, Hospitals Detective Agencies, Banks, Insurance Companies
15. Genetics Experts Forensic Science Laboratories, Hospitals Detective Agencies
16. Environment Analyst Organizations Detective Agencies
17. Crime Laboratory Analyst Forensic Science Laboratories, IB Detective Agencies
18. Forensic Psychiatrist Organizations, Universities, Hospitals Hospitals
19. Forensic Serologist Forensic Science Laboratories, Narcotics Dept., Hospitals Detective Agencies, Hospitals
20. Toxicologist Forensic Science Laboratories, Narcotics Dept., Hospitals Detective Agencies, Hospitals
21. Forensic Computer Expert Defense/Army, Organizations Detective Agencies
22. Forensic Accountant Banks, IB Detective Agencies, Banks, Insurance Companies
23. Forensic Ballistic Expert Defense/Army, IB Security Services Agencies
24. Blood Splatter Analyst Forensic Science Laboratories Detective Agencies


  • https://www.shiksha.com/science/articles/scope-of-forensic-science-in-india-blogId-24809
  • https://www.ifsedu.in/forensic-scope-and-career/
  • https://www.collegesearch.in/articles/forensic-science-salary
  • https://www.sandipuniversity.edu.in/blog/scope-and-career-opportunities-after-bsc-forensic-science/
  • https://collegedunia.com/courses/bachelor-of-science-bsc-forensic-sciences/abroad-studies

Frequently Asked Question:

What is the minimum package I can get as a forensic scientist?
As a forensic scientist, you will be getting a starting salary of Rs 5 LPA.
What are the government companies that offer jobs to forensic experts?
Forensic experts are hired by crime branches, CBI, CID, banks, security services, etc.
What is the job role of Bloodstain Pattern Analyst?
These analysts examine the stain pattern and make inferences about the crime.
Do banks also hire forensic scientists?
Yes, banks hire these experts for the task of document verification and handwriting examination.
Can I get a job at SIDBI as a forensic expert?
Yes, you can get a job at SIDBI as a forensic expert, security expert, and handwriting expert.
What does a handwriting expert do?
The handwriting experts examine the writing styles and try to conclude whether the handwriting submitted as proof matches or not.